Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation. Holy Moscow – that was the name of the city for centuries and it has remained the symbolic heart of this vast country. According to a legend mentioned in an old Russian chronicle Moscow was founded by Suzdal’s Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in 1147. In the 14-th century Moscow becomes a center of Great Moscow Principality. Later it becomes a center of the whole Russian State. At the beginning of the 18th century, Peter the Great demoted the city from its rank of Tsar’s capital by building his own capital city which now once again bears his name, St. Petersburg. However, the Russian tsars were coronated in Moscow. In 1917 the Soviet government transferred the Russian capital back to Moscow.
The city was destroyed several times: by the Mongolian Tatar invasion, the Napoleonic invasion, the Nazi invasion; and every time it rose from its ruins.
Now Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities of the world. It combines the best pieces of old and modern architecture. The capital was especially transformed for the last years. Most of the historical buildings, architectural ensembles, churches and monasteries were restored. Home for Pushkin, Lermontov and Dostoyevsky, it became a breeding ground for progressive thought and a haven for free-thinkers.
There are a lot of places to see and to visit in Moscow: Red Square and the Kremlin , beautiful monuments, the magnificent Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow University .The city is noted for the historical and architectural relics you can marvel at: museums, art galleries which are a great attraction of the city, and theatres where you can enjoy watching a great variety of plays and ballets. Moscow’s unique complex of attractions and opportunity to get acquainted with traditions of Russian people attract here guests from all over the world.